Charge Sheath Vortex - Plasma Production Modes


Charge Sheath Vortex - Plasma Production Modes

Charge Sheath Vortex - Plasma Production Modes

The charge sheath vortex develops within a large charge cloud wherethe repulsion between the charges is cancelled out, two stationaryparticles of the same electrical charge will repel each other, BUT two particlesof the same electrical charge moving in parallel will develop a force ofattraction.

These diagrams show structures within such an external charge field thatwill cancel the repulsion between charge particles.

The problem with calculating the current and velocity and external magnetic field needed to produce a specific size and shape of charge sheath vortex is that the plasma has a very strong interaction with external magneticfields, and the moving plasma also generates its own magnetic fields. Asthe plasma starts to move in response to the external field, it also producesits own intense magnetic field that now modifies the movement.

The ring electrode has been used to produce a charge sheath torus, andthis has been filmed by     S. C. Hsu and P. M. Bellan
    California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA, published in Experimental Identification of the Kink Instability as a Poloidal Flux Amplification Mechanism for Coaxial Gun Spheromak Formation
  PACS: 52.55.Ip, 52.30.Cv, 52.35.Py
  and as reported on the following page:

Three images of plasma regimes (with the gun electrode on the right) show a stable column (a), a kinked column (b), and a detached plasma (c). Interframe time is 1.5 µs.

The rail gun provides a means of accelerating a plasma into a target magnetic field.

The tubular rail gun provides a much more controllable environment for examining the production of  the charge sheath torus.
There is still a complex interraction between the plasma velocity, charge density, external magnetic fields and the formation of the charge sheathtorus.
The plasma is flipped into a torus as it leaves the mouth of the gun by its own magnetic fields. This should provide a more reliable method than thesimple ring electrode

This information is copyright Peter Thomson 2001-2004